Prostate Cancer

Prostate cancer is one of the most common non-skin cancers in men. Many prostate cancer cells grow slowly, and they get confined to the prostate gland. While on the prostate gland, such cells may not cause serious harm and may not be detected easily. It is important to note that some types of prostate cancer grow slowly, needing minimal supervision and no treatment, while others spread quickly and are very aggressive. If prostate cancer is detected early and is still con fiend in the prostate gland, it is easy to treat it successfully.

Prominent aspects of Prostate Cancer

Prostate cancer has both physical and psychological symptoms. Some of the major symptoms include depression, fatigue, anxiety, pain, and stress. Besides, prostate cancer patients suffer heavily from sexual issues like impotence and erectile dysfunction (Desai et al., 2022). Most cancer patients suffer from depression and anxiety as they get confused over choosing the right intervention. According to Desai et al. (2022), it is not clear what causes prostate cancer. Some of the risk factors of prostate cancer include older age. In this case, the cases are more common in men after age 50. The risks continue to increase as one becomes older. Another risk factor is race. According to Desai et al. (2022), black people are at a greater risk of suffering from prostate cancer compared to people from other races. However, the reasons explaining this difference are not yet determined.

Obesity also leads to a higher risk of getting prostate cancer. If an obese person gets prostate cancer, it is more likely to spread and become more aggressive, while those with a healthy weight may not suffer from these aggressive effects. Family history also contributes to higher chances of getting prostate cancer. If a blood relative like a parent, child, or sibling has been diagnosed with prostate cancer, a person’s risk is highly increased. However, doctors know that prostate cancer begins to develop when the cells in the prostate experience changes in their DNA. The changes experienced instruct the cells to grow and divide rapidly, resulting in more abnormal cells (Desai et al., 2022). Following this, the abnormal cells continue to multiply and live while the other cells start to die. The growing number of abnormal cells form a tumor that grows and eventually invades the nearby tissues.

Current data and statistics related to Prostate Cancer

As discussed earlier, prostate cancer is the most common cancer experienced by American men. According to the American Cancer Society, the estimates of prostate cancer in 2022 are 268,490 new cases of prostate cancer. Besides, there are about 34,500 deaths from prostate cancer (American Cancer Society, 2022). It is important to note that one in eight men will be diagnosed with prostate cancer during their lifetime (American Cancer Society, 2022). About six out of ten men diagnosed with prostate cancer are older than 65 years. Besides, prostate cancer is very rare in men who are below 40 years. In terms of death, about one in 40 men die of prostate cancer in America. Although prostate cancer is a serious disease, not all men diagnosed die from it. 3.1 million American men diagnosed with prostate cancer are still alive (American Cancer Society, 2022). Therefore, some men still survive to live with it for a long time.

Health disparities related to Prostate Cancer

Black people or African Americans are more likely to get prostate cancer than white people in the United States. In addition, black people are 2.2 times more likely to die from prostate cancer, while white men have higher chances of living longer even after diagnosis (Borno et al., 2019). Some of the factors that lead to health disparities among cancer patients include inequality in health coverage and social and economic factors.

Prevention Strategies, Including Complementary and Alternative Health Therapies

There are different prevention strategies for prostate cancer. According to Jazieh et al. (2021), some of these strategies include being sexually active, stopping smoking and drinking less, increasing vitamin D intake, and maintaining a healthy weight by exercising regularly and eating healthy meals. When a person is diagnosed with prostate cancer, several complementary therapies are used in addition to the standard cancer treatment. The complementary therapies include yoga, meditation, massage, music art therapy, nutrition, acupuncture, Tai chi, and qigong nutrition (Jazieh et al., 2021). These therapies help in reducing the side effects of cancer treatment and improving emotional and physical well-being.

Pathophysiologic Effects of Stress related to Prostate Cancer

Stress highly affects prostate cancer patients in a great way. According to (Shirui et al., 2020), extreme stress leads to accumulative effects on the body’s physiology. As a result, it becomes easy for the cancer cells to take root and proliferate. It is important to advise cancer patients to remain positive after diagnosis. Their mental health must be protected by going through various types of therapies and ensuring they have moral and emotional support from their loved ones (Shirui et al., 2020). Besides, quality diet and exercise help prevent stress, making it easy to manage the disease. Cancer patients are also advised to seek counseling and engage in group social support. These interventions highly help in managing the effects of prostate cancer.


Prostate cancer is one of the most common types of cancer that affects American men. Black men are more prone to the disease, and their chances of survival after diagnoses are less as compared to white men. Although most people view prostate cancer as a death sentence, there are still several people who are still living healthy life years after diagnosis. Therefore, it is vital to engage in various therapies that help in the prevention and cure of prostate cancer.


American Cancer Society. (2022). Key Statistics for Prostate Cancer. Retrieved October 6, 2022, from,34%2C500%20deaths%20from%20prostate%20cancer

Borno, H., George, D. J., Schnipper, L. E., Cavalli, F., Cerny, T., & Gillessen, S. (2019). All Men are Created Equal: Addressing Disparities in Prostate Cancer Care. American Society of Clinical Oncology Educational Book, (39), 302-308.

Desai, M. M., Cacciamani, G. E., Gill, K., Zhang, J., Liu, L., Abreu, A., & Gill, I. S. (2022). Trends in Incidence of Metastatic Prostate Cancer in the US. JAMA Network Open5(3), e222246.

Jazieh, A. R., Abuelgasim, K. A., Ardah, H. I., Alkaiyat, M., & Da’ar, O. B. (2021). The Trends of Complementary Alternative Medicine use among Cancer Patients. BMC Complementary Medicine and Therapies21(1).

Shirui, S., Mo, Y., Wang, Y., Xiang, B., Liao, Q., Zhou, M., Li, X., Li, Y., Xiong, W., Li, G., Guo, C., & Zeng, Z. (2020). Chronic Stress Promotes Cancer Development. Frontiers in Oncology6(1), 1-19.

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