Discussion Post: Diabetes Mellitus

Choose a healthcare topic that interests you. It can be any topic of your choice, but must be related to healthcare or the healthcare professions. During this course you will be researching this topic and writing a formal paper about it. For this week discussion we will do step 1: Pick and state your topic. Then explain why you have chosen it and how it relates to healthcare. Your discussion board posting should reflect the correct tone for academic threads.

Answer

Diabetes Mellitus

The topic chosen is diabetes mellitus. Diabetes mellitus is a metabolic disorder caused by a lack of insulin or inadequate insulin in the body, resulting in high blood glucose (CDC.gov, n.d.). Diabetes mellitus is also known as diabetes. There are three types of diabetes mellitus; type 1 diabetes, type 2 diabetes, and gestational diabetes. Type 1 diabetes, also called juvenile diabetes, is characterized by low insulin production or even a lack of insulin production by the pancreas. It is common in juveniles but can be diagnosed at any stage in life. Symptoms of type 1 diabetes include polyuria (Frequent urination), polyphagia (increased appetite), polydipsia (Excessive thirst), and fatigue. High blood sugar levels cause type 2 diabetes in the body since the body resists insulin or produces low insulin responsible for blood sugar regulation. Symptoms of type 2 diabetes include fatigue, blurred vision, polyuria, polydipsia, and polyphagia. At times there can be no manifestation of these symptoms at all. Gestational diabetes only shows up during pregnancy and disappears after giving birth. However, women who get gestational diabetes are at a high risk of developing type 2 diabetes later in life. Gestational diabetes symptoms are similar to type 1 and type 2 diabetes. The reason why this topic interests me is due to its impact on the healthcare system. I chose diabetes mellitus since I would like to understand it in depth.

Diabetes is a healthcare issue that significantly impacts healthcare and the healthcare system. Besides, it affects the individual, family, and community. Diabetes is one of the conditions that affect many people, thus mandating them to seek healthcare services. It is also one of the health conditions that exerts the highest financial burden on the healthcare system. According to the American Diabetes Association (2018), it is the most expensive health condition to manage and treat. Every 1in 4 dollars spent in healthcare in the US is spent on diabetes management, treatment, and treatment of its complications (Riddle and Herman, 2018). Diabetes complications include neuropathy, blindness, kidney diseases, heart diseases, and diabetes foot problems which lead to amputation. More so, diabetes requires all members of the interprofessional team to work together to achieve good health outcomes. Diabetes patients require the care of endocrinologists, nurses, nutritionists, and physical therapists, among others. Diabetes also relates to other health conditions such as cardiovascular disease, neuropathy, kidney disease, and blindness, which are essential in healthcare. Diabetes mellitus topic is therefore crucial in healthcare.

References

Center for Disease Control and Prevention. (n.d.). Diabetes. What is diabetes? Retrieved from https://www.cdc.gov/diabetes/basics/diabetes.html

American Diabetes Association. (2018). Economic costs of diabetes in the US in 2017. Diabetes care41(5), 917-928. https://doi.org/10.2337/dci18-0007

Riddle, M. C., & Herman, W. H. (2018). The cost of diabetes care—an elephant in the room. Diabetes Care41(5), 929-932. https://doi.org/10.2337/dci18-0012

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