Determining the Credibility of Evidence and Resources

Because the health sector continues to provide care to all individuals while patient needs differ, healthcare providers should strive to provide quality and safe care. Besides, various changes are updated on various aspects of care, including diagnosis, management, and follow-up. As a result, various sources provide relevant information that improves care. However, not all healthcare providers have the ability to locate and determine credible sources that aid in improving the quality of care and reducing issues such as medication errors, among others. This paper aims to discuss the criteria for determining credible evidence on medication errors to improve knowledge and health outcomes.

Safety Issue.

Medication errors are a common heath problem yet preventable if appropriate measures are established. The same healthcare providers mandated to save lives by providing high-quality and safe care may compromise patient outcomes. Errors can arise from any stage of treatment, including prescription, documentation, dispensing, transcription, administration, and monitoring (Speroni et al., 2020). Regrettably, most errors occur at the prescription stage when a physician may write either a wrong dose, wrong medication, wrong route, wrong frequency, or use of illegible handwriting (Li et al., 2019). Failure to recognize the problem at the initial stage will compromise patient safety as nurses may administer such medications without knowing. Consequently, patients experience adverse outcomes from medication errors that can lead to drug-related complications. Such complications may lead to increased cost of care, untimely death, decreased patient outcomes, and decreased level of patient satisfaction and trust. For instance, in the US alone, up to 7000 to 9000 deaths are caused by medication errors, and the accumulative cost of taking care of patients due to medication errors exceeds $40 billion every year (Wondmieneh et al., 2020). In addition, patients may develop mental, physical, and psychological trauma resulting from pain and suffering as a result of medication errors.

Therefore, it is prudent all healthcare professionals are acquitted with adequate knowledge of medication errors with emphasis on the cause of errors, their role in contributing to medication errors, the impacts of medication errors on patient well-being and outcomes, the risk factors for medication errors, and the various preventive measures that can be instituted to reduce the incidences of medications errors. Understanding all these concepts requires continuous learning from reputable sources of information that provide relevant information on the subject matter (Roth-Cohen et al., 2021). Furthermore, senior healthcare providers should guide their juniors in identifying such resources and train them on effective skills or reducing errors.

Criteria to Determine the Credibility of Resources.

Due to the increasing number of new concepts in the healthcare system, each healthcare provider must update their knowledge to meet the patient’s various needs and understand various concepts of care. Improving personal knowledge requires accessing credible resources that provide all relevant information without misleading. Therefore, all resources should be evaluated to determine if they meet the criteria to provide sustainable information that will be essential in addressing the health concern. Every resource should be assessed for accuracy, objectivity, relevance, currency, and authority (Li et al., 2019).

Credible resources should be written by certified authors with the legal authority and professional capabilities to provide detailed information about the subject. The objectives of the paper must also tally with the results free of bias to provide relevant information with factual information that guides clinical practice. Furthermore, the information provided by the author should be accurate with peer reviews to actualize the information. In addition, the information should be gathered from reputable databases (Roth-Cohen et al., 2021). Finally, the most recent articles published within five years should be chosen as they provide the most recent clinical guidelines and information. Having credible sources ensures that relevant data are relayed, that help in reducing medication errors.

Analysis of the Credibility and Relevance of Evidence on Medication Errors

Credible resources on medication errors are essential in providing substantial information regarding the subject issue. They provide information regarding the various causes of medication errors, the role of healthcare providers in errors, the effects of medication errors on quality of care and patient well-being, and the preventive strategies that can be employed to reduce medication errors (Roth-Cohen et al., 2021). All the resources identified met the criteria of credibility, having been published within the past five years with certified authors, providing accurate and relevant information, and meeting the objectives set to reduce medication errors. Essentially, credible resources provide accurate and most relevant information that is paramount to improving the quality of care as well as improving safety. Thus, there will be reduced incidences of medication errors if nurses understand the causes, their role in medication errors, and the various strategies that are essential in preventing medication errors. Patient outcomes and experience will improve with enhanced safety.

Importance of Incorporating Credible Evidence into an EBP Model.

Because the provision of quality and safe care is a principal role of healthcare professionals, incorporation of evidenced-based practice (EBP) provides the essential knowledge that is essential in decision-making as well as the provision of best care to ensure the best patient outcomes (Speroni et al., 2020). Therefore, all providers must be equipped with EBP knowledge. Besides, there is a need for improvement in good communication techniques to include multidisciplinary teams including nurses, doctors, and pharmacists to work together to reduce medication errors and their associated complications. They also need to understand and incorporate various preventive strategies that can reduce the incidences of medication errors.

Using a relevant EBP model will further improve the incorporation strategy while improving patient outcomes. Although various models have been used in various settings, the John Hopkins EBP Model has been attributed with the most success in addressing medication errors. This model uses user-friendly tools to provide a powerful problem-solving approach by improving the decision-making abilities of healthcare providers (Speroni et al., 2020). Furthermore, it provides a three-stage approach involving practice questions, evidence collection, and translation. This ensures that the most relevant findings from the research are incorporated into practice to ensure that patients receive high-quality and safe care backed by evidence. Therefore, incorporating this model would help reduce medication errors as various providers understand the various concept of the subject and its potential effects. Health outcomes and patient experience would be improved through the application of EBP knowledge that improves decision-making among nurses and other healthcare providers.


While patient safety remains a crucial subject in patient care, medication errors remain a concern in healthcare. Medication errors not only affect patient outcomes negatively but also increase the cost of care and increase the risk of death. Understanding the various concepts of patient safety requires identifying credible resources that provided relevant information necessary for guiding nursing practice and improving patient safety. Therefore, nurses should be equipped with the knowledge to identify credible resources with evidence-based knowledge essential in decision-making and improving health outcomes.


Li, S., Cao, M., & Zhu, X. (2019). Evidence-based practice: Knowledge, attitudes, implementation, facilitators, and barriers among community nurses—a systematic review. Medicine98(39), e17209.

Roth-Cohen, O., Levy, S., & Zigdon, A. (2021). The mediated role of credibility on information sources and patient awareness toward patient rights. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health18(16), 8628.

Speroni, K. G., McLaughlin, M. K., & Friesen, M. A. (2020). Use of evidence-based Practice models and research findings in magnet-designated hospitals across the United States: National survey results: Evidence-based practice model use: Translating and implementing findings into practice. Worldviews on Evidence-Based Nursing17(2), 98–107.

Wondmieneh, A., Alemu, W., Tadele, N., & Demis, A. (2020). Medication administration errors and contributing factors among nurses: a cross-sectional study in tertiary hospitals, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. BMC Nursing19(1), 4.

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