Community Resources

Instructions
Research a selected local, national, or global nonprofit organization or government agency from the list provided. Determine how the organization or agency contributes to public health and safety improvements, promotes equal opportunity, and improves the quality of life within the community. Submit your findings in a 3-5 page report.

As you begin to prepare this assessment, it would be an excellent choice to complete the Nonprofit Organizations and Community Health activity. Complete this activity to gain insight into promoting equal opportunity and improving the quality of life in a community. The information gained from completing this activity will help you succeed with the assessment. After completing this activity, choose an organization or agency from the list that you are most interested in researching.

Document Format and Length
Format your paper using APA style.

Refer to the APA Style Paper Tutorial [DOCX] to help you in writing and formatting your paper. Be sure to include:
A title page and references page. An abstract is not required.
Appropriate section headings.
Your paper should comprise 3-5 pages of content plus title and references pages.
Supporting Evidence
Cite at least three credible sources from peer-reviewed journals or professional industry publications published within the past 5 years that support your research findings.

Graded Requirements
The research requirements, outlined below, correspond to the grading criteria in the assessment scoring guide, so be sure to address each point.

Explain how the organization’s mission and vision enable it to contribute to public health and safety improvements.
Include examples of ways a local and/or global initiative supports organizational mission and vision and promotes public health and safety.
Evaluate an organization’s ability to promote equal opportunity and improve the quality of life in the community.
Consider the effects of social, cultural, economic, and physical barriers.
Assess the impact of funding sources, policy, and legislation on the organization’s provision of services.
Consider the potential implications of funding decisions, policy, and legislation for individuals, families, and aggregates within the community.
Explain how an organization’s work impacts the health and/or safety needs of a local community.
Consider how nurses might become involved with the organization.
Organize content so ideas flow logically with smooth transitions; contains few errors in grammar/punctuation, word choice, and spelling.
Apply APA formatting to in-text citations and references exhibiting nearly flawless adherence to APA format.
Write with a specific purpose and audience in mind.
Adhere to scholarly and disciplinary writing standards and APA formatting requirements.

Answer

Community Resources

The US healthcare system is responsible for promoting public health and addressing conditions that expose people to health risks and threats. Undeniably, fulfilling such a mandate is a daunting endeavor considering the disproportionality of disease prevalence and the effects of health threats. Therefore, the national government relies massively upon the role of federal health agencies in protecting people and averting health concerns like diseases. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)is an example of a government agency whose mandate is to actualize the government’s health policies and oversee care quality improvement initiatives. While the CDC plays a forefront role in improving public health and averting health risks/threats, it is essential to evaluate its ability to promote health equality, public health and safety, and the implications of funding policies on its operations.

Organizational Mission, Vision, and Contributions to Public Health and Safety Improvements

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) is a federal agency that operates under the Department of Health and Human Services (DHSS). Since 1946, the CDC has spearheaded the mission of protecting Americans from health, safety, and security threats, both foreign and in the US (CDC, 2022). Health, safety, and security threats include chronic or acute diseases, human errors, and deliberate attacks. As a result, this agency operates on global, national, and local scopes to protect people from imminent and potential health threats.

In all-fronted attempts to accomplish the institutional mission, the CDC pledges to be a diligent steward of funds, provide an environment for intellectual and personal growth, incorporate the best evidence, including quality scientific data, in making health decisions, and integrate core values into organizational culture (CDC, 2022). The CDC’s core values that form the basis of institutional culture and behaviors are dignity, honesty, and respect. Finally, it envisions the world as a place where everyone can attain healthy status and thrive amidst multiple threats to health and well-being.

The organizational mission, vision, and core values act as the driving factors for institutional roles and culture. For instance, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) significantly contribute to public health and safety improvements by playing a forefront role in detecting and responding to new or emerging health threats, tackling health problems that result in deaths and disabilities, and incorporating scientific knowledge and technological advances in preventing diseases (CDC, 2022). Also, it promotes preventive behaviors by implementing evidence-based population-oriented interventions for reducing people’s susceptibility to health threats and risks. Finally, the CDC collaborates with nursing professional associations such as the American Nurses Association to create networks for nurse practitioners to bolster their knowledge and capacities to protect the public from health threats (American Nurses Association, 2017). Undeniably, these interventions are essential in improving people’s well-being and averting imminent or potential health threats such as disease outbreaks.

The Organization Ability to Promote Equal Opportunity and Improve the Quality of Life in the Community

Undoubtedly, various health threats have disproportionate effects and prevalence due to chasms resulting from the interrelationships between social determinants of health. According to Healthy People 2030 (n.d), social determinants of health (SDOH) are “the conditions in the environments where people are born, live, learn, work, play, worship, and age that affect a wide range of health, functioning, and quality-of-life outcomes and risks.” For instance, it is valid to argue that economic status, education access, quality, health care access, social/community context, and neighborhood and built environment influence people’s health and well-being. Unfavorable social determinants of health like poverty, limited access to education, unemployment, and infrastructural constraints lead to preventable health inequalities.

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) is responsible for actualizing the government’s mandate of addressing health disparities and narrowing inequalities. According to CDC (2021b), the agency targets structural racism as a fundamental driver of health disparities. Therefore, it implements strategies that target ethnic minority groups such as American Indians and Alaskan Natives, Black Americans, Asian Americans, Native Hawaiians, and Pacific Islanders. Examples of targeted programs for addressing health disparities include project REFOCUS (Racial Ethnic Framing of Community Informed and Unifying Surveillance), the REACH (Racial and Ethnic Approaches to Community Health) initiative, and the Health Equity Science and Intervention Strategy (CDC, 2021b). For example, the CDC awarded $3 billion to support local efforts for increasing Covid-19 vaccine uptake. Such actions are consistent with the overriding objective of addressing health disparities and promoting equality.

Impact of Funding Sources, Policy, and Legislation on CDC’s Operations

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) is susceptible to changes in health funding policies and regulations. According to Fischer et al. (2017), the federal government is the primary source of funds for the CDC, meaning any decrease in annual appropriations can alter the organizational capacity to deliver its mandates. One of the current health funding policies that impact the institutional scope of operation is the Affordable Care Act (ACA). This policy prompted the government to allocate more funds and resources for disease prevention initiatives.

ACA established the Prevention and Public Health Fund (PPHF), the nation’s first mandatory funding stream dedicated to improving the country’s public health system (CDC, 2021a). Although the CDC receives funds from the philanthropic community, private investors, and foundations, changes in government appropriations determine its ability to accomplish the institutional mission. Chait & Glied (2018) argue that funding from the PPHF provisions allowed the CDC to pursue targeted national initiatives and enhance the effectiveness of existing health programs. As a result, it provides an ideal example of the potential implications of changes in funding policies on organizational operations.

How CDC’s Work Impacts the Health and Safety Needs of a Local Community

The CDC impacts community health and well-being by reducing health risk factors and supporting interventions for attaining health equity. In this sense, it actualizes the government mandate of promoting public health by funding local programs and strategizing interventions for addressing health disparities (CDC, 2017). Also, the CDC collaborates with nursing professional associations in bolstering healthcare professionals’ knowledge and competencies for delivering quality and convenient care. Finally, the agency plays a forefront role in implementing targeted programs for improving the health of vulnerable populations such as older adults, adolescents, women, and children. These population-oriented initiatives aim at addressing conditions such as obesity, cardiovascular diseases, cancer, drug abuse, and child deaths.

How Nurses Can Participate in CDC’s Operations

Nurses provide primary care to patients and play a significant role in advocating for health equity. The CDC encourages and supports programs for alleviating health risks like disease outbreaks. As a result, nurse practitioners can participate in the programs by addressing health disparities and incorporating evidence-based interventions to improve community health. According to Maier et al. (2018), nurses play an advanced role in health promotion, health literacy activities, and various preventive measures that focus on vulnerable populations. Therefore, their responsibilities and roles align with the CDC’s mission and vision.

Conclusion

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) is a federal agency that actualizes the government mandate of protecting Americans against health risks and threats. Although it operates under the DHHS, it receives funding from government appropriations and private partners to accomplish its mission. Undeniably, the CDC is a preeminent health organization whose programs promote and improve public health by addressing sources of health disparities and encouraging preventive behaviors. Finally, the organization supports population-oriented interventions focusing on vulnerable populations such as older adults, adolescents, women, people with disabilities, and children/infants. These programs provide an ideal avenue for nurses to exercise their roles as advocates for community health and safety.

References

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2019, May 29). Investments in communities: CDC’s role in activating local change. https://www.cdc.gov/nccdphp/dch/programs/healthycommunitiesprogram/communities/index.htm

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2021a, June 22). Prevention and public health fund. https://www.cdc.gov/funding/pphf/index.html

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2021b, November 4). Racism and health. https://www.cdc.gov/healthequity/racism-disparities/cdc-efforts.html

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2022). Mission, role, and pledge. Cdc.gov. https://www.cdc.gov/about/organization/mission.htm

Chait, N., & Glied, S. (2018). Promoting prevention under the Affordable Care Act. Annual Review of Public Health39(1), 507–524. https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev-publhealth-040617-013534

Fischer, L. S., Santibanez, S., Jones, G., Anderson, B., & Merlin, T. (2017). How is CDC funded to respond to public health emergencies? Federal appropriations and budget execution process for non–financial experts. Health Security15(3), 307–311. https://doi.org/10.1089/hs.2017.0009

Healthy People 2030. (n.d.). Social determinants of health. Health.gov. https://health.gov/healthypeople/priority-areas/social-determinants-health

Maier, C. B., Budde, H., & Buchan, J. (2018). Nurses in expanded roles to strengthen community-based health promotion and chronic care: Policy implications from an international perspective; A commentary. Israel Journal of Health Policy Research7(1). https://doi.org/10.1186/s13584-018-0257-5

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