Application of the Theory of Unpleasant Symptoms

REACT TO THE FOLLOWING:the development of the unpleasant theory has been fundamental to the health department and all stakeholders, from the doctors, nurses, and patients. The theory has assisted the nurses in developing both the practice and even improving their understanding of the other related symptoms that can be attended to through the non-pharmacologically care.


Application of the Theory of Unpleasant Symptoms

The theory of unpleasant symptoms was developed in the late 90s by health professionals with the aim of understanding the complexity and interactive nature of symptoms experience (Miksic et al., 2018). The theory stipulates that symptoms experience, their causes, and consequences have similar characteristics that can be used to improve the understanding of patient symptoms (Blakeman, 2019). This paper describes how the development of the theory of unpleasant symptoms has improved different health department stakeholders.

The development of unpleasant symptoms has helped doctors by easing the diagnosis decisions. It has also made prescribing decisions easier since the physicians can better understand the relationship of the manifestation of the symptom to the cause of the specific illness. Understanding the symptoms experience also helps the doctor avoid prescribing medications that would trigger the manifestation of other related symptoms.

Nurses are the largest beneficiaries of the development of this theory since symptom management is the heart of nursing. The nurses do symptoms assessment, monitoring, and management (Lenz, 2018). Therefore, it has been fundamental for the nurses to improve their understanding of the symptoms experience, their causative influences, and the consequence. It has specifically enhanced nurses in caring for the symptoms that do not necessarily require pharmacological interventions.

The patients have also benefitted from the development of the theory of unpleasant symptoms. Application of the theory has allowed nurses to help patients with progressive self-monitoring and self-management, thus better health outcomes (Yang &Kang, 2018). Desirable health outcomes improve the patients’ well-being.

Evidently, the development of the theory of unpleasant symptoms has played a considerable role in improving the understanding of symptoms experience by the different health stakeholders, as discussed above. Its application has impacted the health field positively. However, further development of the theory should be considered to accommodate more illnesses symptoms.



Blakeman, J. R. (2019). An integrative review of the theory of unpleasant symptoms. Journal of Advanced Nursing75(5), 946-961.

Lenz, E. R. (2018). Application of the theory of unpleasant symptoms in practice: A challenge for nursing. Investigación en Enfermería: Imagen y Desarrollo20(1).

Mikšić, Š., Bošnjaković, M., Simić, I., Stanić, B., Stanković, M., & Stojkov, Ž. (2018). Theory of Unpleasant Symptoms and Concept of Nursing Support. Southeastern European Medical Journal: SEEMEDJ2(2), 17-22.

Yang, I. S., & Kang, Y. (2018). Self-care model based on the theory of unpleasant symptoms in patients with heart failure. Applied Nursing Research43, 10-17.

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